General Introduction

A.Topic Sentence

1.What is the topic sentence?
The topic sentence is the first sentence in a paragraph.

2.What does it do?
It introduces the main idea of the paragraph.

3.How do I write one?
Summarize the main idea of your paragraph. Indicate to the reader what your paragraph will be about.

B.Supporting Details

1.What are supporting sentences?
They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragraph.

2.What do they do?
They give details to develop and support the main idea of the paragraph.

3.How do I write them?
You should give supporting facts, details, and examples.

C.Closing Sentence

1.What is the closing sentence?
The closing sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph.

2.What does it do?
It restates the main idea of your paragraph.

3.How do I write one?
Restate the main idea of the paragraph using different words.


There are three reasons why VietNam is one of the best countries in the world. First, VietNam has an excellent health care system. All Vietnamese have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, VietNam has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, VietNam's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Vietnam cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Vietnam is a desirable place to live.


how to write a narative paragraph

A narrative is a story. To write an effective narrative paragraph, the author must be creative yet concise. A well-written narrative paragraph will appeal to readers because of the author's thorough knowledge of the subject and ability to communicate effectively. Follow these steps to learn more. 

Difficulty: Easy
  1. Step 1

    Choose a topic that will appeal to the designated audience for your narrative paragraph.

  2. Step 2

    List several details that you know or have learned about your chosen topic.

  3. Step 3

    Write a topic sentence that introduces what key information will be in the paragraph.

  4. Step 4

    Create an outline of your paragraph that begins with your topic sentence and contains at least three important details from your list.

  5. Step 5

    Write your three detail sentences. Use transitions between each sentence to lead your reader logically through the narrative.

  6. Step 6

    Add your final clincher or concluding sentence that sums up your paragraph without simply repeating the details from your paragraph.

  7. Step 7

    Check your paragraph

Tips & Warnings
  • Do not write a topic sentence that says starts with, "In this paragraph, I am going to tell you about." This does not draw in your reader.
  • Clincher or concluding sentences should not use phrases such as "And that is what happened" or "Thank you for reading my paragraph." These phrases do

Read more: How to Write a Narrative Paragraph |
  • A narrative paragraph is one that describes what happens over a period of time. To make a good narrative, first you need to jot down a list of everything that happens. Write this in the order that it happened. Then, use your list to make sentences telling what happened at each time, and you have your paragraph.

You can list specific times, such as "At eight o'clock every day I start school," or you can use more general times, such as "First we cooked breakfast, then we sat down and ate." Your paragraph can cover any amount of time, too, from a few minutes to eternity.



Paragraph Coherence


     The three qualities by which a paragraph is evaluated are unity, development, and coherence. We have already discussed unity and development, leaving only coherence. However, coherence is a quality which many writers have trouble achieving in their paragraphs. In fact, coherence may be the most difficult quality for most students to achieve in their writing.

     Coherence refers to how well the contents of a paragraph "hang together." Achieving unity in your

paragraphs is a good start on coherence as is having the substantive supporting detail that helps you
to achieve paragraph development. However, coherence goes beyond achieving unity or avoiding digressions. Coherence refers to how the individual sentences--their order within the paragraph and
their individual structures--relate to one another in shaping the paragraph.

In order to achieve paragraph coherence, you must look at a number of different elements in your paragraph: the organizational pattern the use of transitional devices the repetition of key words or related terms, including pronouns the occurrence of parallel syntactic structures

Paragraph unity

A good paragraph has unity. All the sentences have a relationship to one another and to the main idea. The connection between sentences in a paragraph can be shown in several ways, but principally by the use of transitional words and phrases. Transitional words and phrases may be conjunctions, such as and, but, and however, or explanatory expressions, such as for instance, on the other hand, and so on. Transitional words and phrases act as signals. They give directions. They tell where the paragraph is going. In this sense, transitional words and phrases also act to hold sentences together, achieving unity.

   Here are some of the most commonly used connecting words and phrases and the purposes they serve.

    Purpose , Connecting Word/Phrase

       + To add another idea : furthermore, in addition, also, moreover, likewise, similarly  

       + To arrange ideas in order or time : first, finally, meanwhile, eventually, next, subsequently,   ultimately, at the same time

       + To add an illustration or explanation : for example, for instance, in other words

       + To conclude or sum up : hence, therefore, thus, accordingly, in brief, in conclusion, consequently

       + To connect two contrasting ideas; to differeniate ideas : on the other hand, however, yet, conversely, nonetheless, nevertheless, rather, although, on the contrary .

     + To emphasize or confirm : indeed, naturally, of course, certainly, undoubtedly, admittedly, plainly